ASSOCIATION OF INTERNATIONAL FREIGHT FORWARDERS & LOGISTICS ENTERPRISES OF GREECE
Supply chain infrastructure remaining largely affected by continue crisis, Greek companies are still having limited access to banking system and ability to get supplies. Greece is very dependent on their import supply chain, less than 1/3 of GDP comes from exports, so lack of finance and more importantly lack of confidence in their economy will inevitably shift suppliers to other less worrisome areas if the crisis continues. On the other hand Greece has the potential to be one and maybe most cost efficiency Europe’s gateway, as its geographical location in south eastern side of the continent, classifies it, in a very important hub connecting Asia and Europe.
In a country where the Logistics industry contributes around 10% to GDP it is important to follow a national strategy and getting proper utilization of the Greek Logistics advantages. As concerns Infrastructures, It is more than clear that Greece is moving on the right way, developing and evolving rapidly, the existing ones. In figures Greece has 45 airports about 140 ports for passengers and cargo, an already improved road Network and a railway network which is planned till the end of 2017 to operate a double full electrical line between Piraeus port – Thriasio Pedio freight and logistics hub (under construction), Thessaloniki and the northern border of Greece.
As result it will part of the European Rail Freight Corridor 7, with aim to increase transportation volumes from Piraeus port to all central European countries in reliable, cost efficiency and fast way. Back to the airports with flagship Athens International Airport and the privatization of 14 regional airports, Greece will became a major player in the area. Finally, reference should be made at 16 international ports, with backbone Piraeus port, in which the investments of recent years already contributed significantly to the development of the logistics sector. Greek logistics have enormous prospects and can be one of the supporting pillars of the Greek economy. By synergies, right moves from the public sector like infrastructures, simplified legal framework and with the main objective being to attract freight flows through the provision of reliable services, Greece can be a key player in the global supply chain.
The Association of Freight Forwarders and Logistics Enterprises of Greece as well as each of its member companies separately strive to increase the competitiveness of Greece through suggesting measures that improve the application of sales & operations planning and new innovative processes such as Green Logistics and Corporate Social Sustainability. Logistics are defined as “The part of the supply chain process that plans, implements and controls the efficient, effective flow and storage of goods, services and related information from the point of origin to the point of consumption in order to meet consumers’ requirements”1 hence the role of freight forwarders is major in the supply chain in order to provide reliable and efficient services as part of the global trade facilitation and development. In conclusion, there is a high dependency between national logistics performance and a country’s competitiveness.
According to a research by World Bank, logistics infrastructure and customs are crucial in establishing a highly competitive country, but the logistics adequacy and high quality services consist the backbone that maintains the long-term competitive advantage2. In these terms, Greece is developing in a promising market, which should be further exploited, enhanced and invested.